The death of artemio cruz

As the novel opens, Artemio Cruz, former revolutionary turned capitalist, lies on his deathbed. He drifts in and out of consciousnessand when he is conscious his mind wanders between past and present. The story reveals that Cruz became rich through treachery, bribery, corruption, and ruthlessness. As a young man he had been full of revolutionary ideals.

Acts committed as a means of self-preservation soon developed into a way of life based on opportunism. The Death of Artemio Cruz. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Death of Artemio Cruz work by Fuentes. See Article History.

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The Death of Artemio Cruz

Kindle Book PDF ebook. Fiction Literature. Text Difficulty: Publisher: RosettaBooks. Kindle Book Release date: April 19, Availability can change throughout the month based on the library's budget. You can still place a hold on the title, and your hold will be automatically filled as soon as the title is available again. The OverDrive Read format of this ebook has professional narration that plays while you read in your browser.

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Learn more about possible network issues or contact support for more help. Chicago Public Library. Search Search Search Browse menu. Sign in. Recent updates. No sample available. The Death of Artemio Cruz. Description Details Reviews The novel opens with Cruz on his deathbed, and plunges us into his thoughts as he segues from the past to his increasingly disoriented present. Drawn as a tragic figure, Cruz fights bravely during the Mexican Revolution but in the process loses his idealism—and the only woman who ever loved him.

He marries the daughter of a hacienda owner and, in the opportunistic, postwar climate, he uses her family connections and money to amass an ever-larger fortune.

The death of Artemio Cruz

Cocky, audacious, corrupt, Cruz, on another level, represents the paradoxes of recent Mexican history. Languages English. Levels Text Difficulty: The novel opens with Cruz on his deathbed, and plunges us into his thoughts as he segues from the past to his increasingly disoriented present. Carlos Fuentes - Author. Why is availability limited?Carlos Fuentes, a young Mexican novelist and brilliant polemicist, belongs to the second group.

What he seems to be saying in this extraordinary novel is not only that the revolution has come to a dead end, but also and more important that, given man's nature, Marxist solutions are facing the same blank wall.

the death of artemio cruz

He proposes an existentialist way out, but his sense of courage is greater than his suggested submission to man's apparent destiny. The author's hero-villain, Artemio, is disintegrating when the book starts, relives his life in flashbacks, is dead when it ends. But Fuentes believes there will always be an Artemio. In love with a beautiful girl, he sees her violent end when his own men take her village, and for years afterward he finds her image in every new skirt.

This does not help his relations with Catalina, daughter of a fading landowner whom he marries as part of taking everything that the old man has. It is not the plot, or the subsidiary plots, or the confusing technical tricks that make this novel remarkable, but the scope of the human drama it pictures, the corrosive satire and sharp dialogue, the occasional reach for the stars.

This is not a book to feel at ease with. Fuentes is an angry young man--so angry that, at times, his rage takes him to the edge of incoherence. If you can make your way through the shuffling of timespans, endure the earthy vocabulary and the sentimental counterpoint, you will find within this book a passionate echo of the inchoate protest which causes young Mexican intellectuals to find themselves at least in theory disenchanted with material affluence and yearning for a cause worthy of their devotion.

An old man explains one source of their discontent: "At times it seems to me that the absence of bloodshed and death drives us desperate, as if we feel ourselves alive only when surrounded by firing squads and destruction. The task now is to define new goals when the old ones are growing stiff with age. Each generation, says Fuentes in surprise, must face its own frustration and learn to accept it.

The Death of Artemio Cruz

That destiny, as here pictured, is mostly repulsive. We have read about too many wars, too much blood, rot and cruelty: gutter terms dealing with the physical human lose their impact quickly. To play with four-letter words for their own sake, as Fuentes sometimes does, is to play an adolescent's game.

He and Mexico deserve better of each other.

the death of artemio cruz

Fuentes is, at least in Mexico, a source of political as well as literary leadership. To the young who read his books the world is as he pictures it. He has the poet's power to lift them up, or to cast them into a deeper pit of confusion.

To tell them that the world is evil, that it must be accepted and that the stars do shine, seems hardly adequate to their need. One wonders whether this is the best he can do--or whether, with his abundant imagination and great skill, he may find for himself and his disciples the goals which, in his own words, are "to raise up all men.

Return to the Books Home Page. Translated by Sam Hileman.The Death of Artemio Cruz is a sweeping novel about 20th century Mexico, viewed through the prism of Artemio Cruz's life. Cruz is an idealistic young soldier during the Mexican Revolution dedicated to redistribution of land so that peasants may enjoy a decent life.

Bythe successful revolution has deteriorated into a series of confusing and bloody skirmishes between rival rebel factions that won't truly end until Cruz betrays a fellow soldier and blackmails the man's sister into marriage, ensuring his position in a wealthy land-owning family. He quickly becomes a wealthy, arrogant, unprincipled scoundrel—the exact types he fought against during the revolution.

Throughout his long life, Cruz continues to accumulate wealth by way of corruption, betraying his family, lovers and former comrades alike. Eventually, Cruz's lust for wealth results in the death of his only son, Lorenzo.

Although it is not revealed until almost the end of the novel, Cruz is the illegitimate son of a handsome, wealthy young heir to a plantation or hacienda. The arrogant young man raped Cruz's mother, a young mulatto slave.

After Cruz's birth, his mother is beaten and forced to leave. Cruz is raised by his uncle Lunero, a man he would defend to the death if necessary. After Lunero's death, Cruz joins the revolutionary movement, dedicated to wresting the land from a few wealthy individuals and allowing each peasant enough fields to feed his family.

Cruz's first love, Regina, is hanged by the opposing forces.

The Death of Artemio Cruz Summary & Study Guide

ByPorfirio has been defeated and the country seems enmeshed in permanent, bloody confusion. When Cruz is imprisoned with an idealistic young officer, Gonzolo Bernal, he gains valuable information about the man's personal life. Cruz makes no effort to save the man, who is executed by a firing squad. Using deceit and deception, Cruz parlays the information he gained from Bernal into a loveless marriage with the officer's young sister, Catalina.

Because women are not allowed to own property, Cruz inherits all the family's wealth in a short time, when Don Bernal, the father, dies. There is little available cash, but a vast fortune in land. Cruz soon expands the family's holdings through trickery and violence. Cruz buys a newspaper in Mexico City and uses the power and voice it gives him to expand his business holdings. He uses the paper to blackmail business competitors and destroy uncooperative politicians.

Cruz begins to act as an intermediary, facilitating corrupt business deals to sell the country's natural resources to U. Cruz sends his only son, Lorenzo, to manage the family estate at Cocuya at the age of 12, partly to spite Catalina, who adores the boy. At 17, idealistic and determined to join the fight against the Fascists, Lorenzo books a passage to Spain. The boy is killed in the fighting, leaving Cruz with only a daughter, Teresa, whom he disdains. On his deathbed, Cruz torments both women, lying to them about the location of his will.

In fact, he has left the bulk of his estate to his loyal aide, Padilla. The seamless transformation from an impoverished, idealistic youth to a corrupt, decadent middle age and the turbulence of Mexican history are the primary messages of the novel.

Fuentes suggests that only those who die young or live in abject poverty manage to retain their idealism. The author ably uses Cruz's free-ranging, disembodied consciousness as he dives to explore different points of view and language styles throughout the novel. Fuentes uses metaphor and juxtaposition like a poet, interspersing vivid action scenes with Cruz's stream-of-consciousness thoughts. Sam Hileman ably translates Fuentes' prose, which includes lengthy sections without punctuation, and unusual passages told in the second person.

Read more from the Study Guide. Browse all BookRags Study Guides. All rights reserved.Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem.

The Death of Artemio Cruz

Return to Book Page. Alfred MacAdam Translator. Hailed as a masterpiece since its publication inThe Death of Artemio Cruz is Carlos Fuentes's haunting voyage into the soul of modern Mexico. Its acknowledged place in Latin American fiction and its appeal to a fresh generation of readers have warranted this new translation by Alfred Mac Adam, translator with the author of Fuentes's Christopher Unborn.

As in all Hailed as a masterpiece since its publication inThe Death of Artemio Cruz is Carlos Fuentes's haunting voyage into the soul of modern Mexico. As in all his fiction, but perhaps most powerfully in this book, Fuentes is a passionate guide to the ironies of Mexican history, the burden of its past, and the anguish of its present. Get A Copy. Paperbackpages.

Published May 1st by Farrar, Straus and Giroux first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about The Death of Artemio Cruzplease sign up. This question contains spoilers… view spoiler [I was a little confused by the birth scene at the very end.

Did Artemio Cruz have a twin? Emilia There definitely appears the figure of the father. See 1 question about The Death of Artemio Cruz…. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details.He was living in Mexico in the s, when his first two novels were published Where the Air is Clear [] and The Good Conscience [].

His third novel, The Death of Artemio Cruzestablished him as an author of world renown. He governed for 34 years and of painful poverty but also blessed peace. In collusion with conservative Mexicans, France had seized control briefly, but then internal tensions exploded into more armed conflict: led by Benito Juarezliberal Mexicans wrested power from the conservatives and threw out the French in the War of the Reform Diaz fought under Juarez.

By the time Diaz himself was in power, two contrary traditions had emerged—a spirit of reform and a tenacious spirit of dictatorship.

The s had been dominated by military strongmen, or caudilloswhich boded well for dictatorship. Preeminent among the strongmen was Antonio Lopez de Santa Annawho was president 11 times between and At the time the Church controlled close to one half of all the land, and earned enormous income from rents and loans to its allies, the hacienda owners. They auctioned off only a fifth of Church lands, and to little effect. Meanwhile and afterward, the bulk of the nation remained impoverished.

Of 11 million rural dwellers, fewer than 3 percent of them owned any land by In cities and in the countryside, illiteracy was rampant: 75 percent of the Mexican population could neither read nor write.

Again the spirit of reform reared its stubborn head, or, in this case, hand. The spark that lit the Mexican Revolution came not from a rifle or a torch but from a book by a member of the educated elite— The Presidential Succession of by Francisco I. Take up arms, throw the usurpers out of power, recover your rights as free men!

Released from prison, Madero took up arms. The strife had hardly begun. Lasting more than a decadethe Revolution led to subsequent Mexican upheavals, from civil conflicts in the s to radical economic changes in the s. During the war years, the number of men-in-arms at any one time was never great.Hailed as a masterpiece since its publication inThe Death of Artemio Cruz is Carlos Fuentes's haunting voyage into the soul of modern Mexico.

Its acknowledged place in Latin American fiction… More. Want to Read. Shelving menu. Shelve The Death of Artemio Cruz. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Rate it:. Los de abajo by Mariano Azuela. Shelve Los de abajo. A classic of Mexican modern literature about a haunted village.

the death of artemio cruz

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In this international classic, Paz has written one of the most enduring and powerful works ever created on Mexico and… More. Mario Vargas Llosa's classic early novel takes place in a Peruvian town, situated between desert and jungle, which is torn by boredom and lust. Don Anselmo, a stranger in a black coat, builds a… More. Shelve The Green House. El gesticulador by Rodolfo Usigli.

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